Abdominal Pain in Children Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Abdominal Pain in Children article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Barium enema: An enema using a white, chalky solution containing barium, in preparation fo...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Belly button: The navel or umbilicus; the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord....

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Botulism: An uncommon but potentially very serious illness, a type of food poisoning, that...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Food poisoning: A common flu-like illness typically characterized by nausea, vomiting and...

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Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

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Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Ginger: Ginger, the rhizome of the plant Zingiber officinale, has been used as medicine in...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Iron: An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liquid diet: The Liquid diet is the restriction of solid food intake, and replacement of s...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Manometry: The measurement of pressure using a device called a manometer. Esophageal manom...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pelvic: Having to do with the pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen, located between the h...

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Pelvic exam: An examination of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stomach cramps: A nonmedical term most often used to describe pain in the mid- or upper ab...

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Stomach flu: A gastrointestinal illness caused by a microorganism. Stomach flu is not rela...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Testicles: The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are the male sex glands. They are ...

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Tummy: 1. "Babytalk" referring to the stomach. The word tummy is derived from stoma...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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