Abnormal Pap Test (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
If you have had an abnormal Pap test, surgery may be an option. Surgical treatment may be recommended if:
Surgery may be done to destroy or remove the abnormal cells on your cervix, or confirm or rule out the possibility that you have cervical cancer.
Abnormal tissue that can be seen through the magnifying viewing instrument (colposcope) can often be destroyed or removed with cryotherapy, a cone biopsy, a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser, or the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).
Abnormal cervical cells that are detected by a Pap test but cannot be seen by colposcopy may be high in the cervix (cervical canal). Before treatment is recommended, the location and type of cell change must be confirmed by a cervical biopsy. Depending on the results of the colposcopy and cervical biopsy, a cone biopsy may be done as the next step.
Surgical choices for abnormal cervical cell changes include the following:
Procedures that remove abnormal tissue
Procedures that destroy abnormal tissue
If the results of a Pap test, colposcopy, and cervical or cone biopsy point to invasive cervical cancer, then surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of treatments will be needed to destroy or remove the cancerous tissue.
For more information, see the topic Cervical Cancer.
What to think about
Minor cell changes may not need to be treated with surgery. When deciding on treatment for minor cell changes, consider the following:
Treatment choices for moderate to severe cell changes are more likely to include surgery to specifically destroy or remove the abnormal tissue.
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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