Abscess Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Abscess article.

Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Antiseptic: Something that discourages the growth microorganisms. By contrast, aseptic ref...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Flush: (1) A redness of the skin, typically over the cheeks or neck. A flush is usually ...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory response: A fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymph node: One of many small, bean-shaped organs located throughout the lymphatic system....

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Staphylococcus aureus (a type of staph bacter...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Node: Literally a knot, a node is a collection of tissue. For example a lymph node, is a ...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parasite: A plant or an animal organism that lives in or on another and takes its nourishm...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral vascular disease: A disease of blood vessels outside the heart. Peripheral vasc...

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Peritonsillar abscess: A collection of pus behind the tonsils that pushes one of the tonsi...

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Pilonidal: Refers to an embedded (ingrown) hair or tuft of hair. Literally, a nest of hair...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Sedative: A drug that calms a patient, easing agitation and permitting sleep. Sedatives ge...

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Sickle cell disease: A genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form ...

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Skin abscess: A common boil, a collection of pus beneath the skin, which may need to be su...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Staphylococcus: A group of bacteria that cause a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Sweat: A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small ...

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Tailbone: Popular name for the coccyx, the small bone at the bottom of the spine made up o...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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