Achilles Tendon Rupture Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Achilles Tendon Rupture article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Achilles tendon: One of the longest tendons in the body, a tough sinew that attaches the c...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Atrophy: A wasting away or diminution. Muscle atrophy is a decrease in muscle mass, often ...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heel bone: Formally called the calcaneus. A more or less rectangular bone at the back of ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes.

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Plantar: Having to do with the sole of the foot.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Suture: 1. A type of joint between the bones of the skull where the bones are held ...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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Medical Dictionary