What is acromegaly?
- Acromegaly is a serious condition that occurs when the body produces too much of the hormones that control growth.
- This causes abnormal enlargement of bone, cartilage, muscle, organs, and other tissues.
- This abnormal growth can cause serious disease and even premature death.
What is a hormone?
- Hormones are natural chemicals made by various organs. Hormones control many different functions in the body.
- Besides growth and development, they also control metabolism and reproduction and influence emotions.
- They affect just about every system of the body.
What causes acromegaly?
- Acromegaly occurs when the body produces too much of any of the hormones that control growth.
- These include growth hormone (GH), growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1).
- Overproduction of these hormones is caused by certain types of tumors.
- In most cases, the tumor is an adenoma of the pituitary gland.
What is the pituitary gland?
- The pituitary is a tiny gland that resides deep within the skull under the main part of the brain.
- It produces several different hormones, including growth hormone.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/15/2016
Hasnain M Khandwala, MD, FRCPC
Arthur B Chausmer, MD, PhD, FACP, FACE, FACN, CNS
Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD
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