Acute Kidney Failure (cont.)
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Acute Kidney Failure Treatment
Treatment of acute renal failure depends partly on the cause and extent of the failure. The patient should be referred to a kidney specialist (nephrologist) for care. The first goal is to pinpoint the exact cause of the kidney failure, as that will partly dictate the treatment. Secondly, the degree to which accumulating wastes and water are affecting the body will impact treatment decisions about medications and the need for dialysis.
Acute Kidney Failure Self-Care at Home
Self-treatment of acute kidney failure is not recommended. Kidney failure can be a very serious condition that requires medical care.
Acute Kidney Failure Medical Treatment
Treatment is focused on removing the cause of the kidney failure.
Medications and other products the patient ingests will be reviewed. Any that might harm the kidneys will be eliminated or the dose reduced.
Other treatments will be offered, with the following goals:
If the patient's kidneys do not respond to treatment, and adequate kidney function does not return, they will need to undergo dialysis. Dialysis is done by accessing the blood vessels through the skin (hemodialysis) or by accessing the abdominal cavity through the lining that encases the abdominal organs (peritoneal dialysis).
With peritoneal dialysis, wastes and excess water from the bloodstream cross into the abdominal cavity (peritoneal space) and are eliminated from the body by coursing through a catheter that is surgically implanted (through the skin) into the peritoneal cavity.
Most people with acute kidney failure improve when the cause of the kidney failure is removed or treated and don't require dialysis. Normal kidney function is usually restored, though in some cases, residual damage only allows partial restoration of the kidney function. Such patients may not require dialysis but may need medicines to supplement lost kidney function.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/10/2014
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