ADHD in Adults Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the ADHD in Adults article.

20/20: See: Twenty-twenty.

ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Adult ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as found in the adult populati...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antisocial personality: See: Antisocial personality disorder.

Antisocial personality disorder: A pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Anxiety disorder: A chronic condition characterized by an excessive and persistent sense o...

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A disorder in which a person is unable to contro...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Borderline personality disorder: A personality type characterized by difficulty forming an...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cluster: In epidemiology, an aggregation of cases of a disease or another health-related c...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

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Cognitive therapy: A relatively short-term form of psychotherapy based on the concept that...

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Cymbalta: Brand name for duloxetine hydrochloride, a drug approved by the FDA to treat maj...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duloxetine: See: Cymbalta.

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Evolution: The continuing process of change.

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Hyperactivity: A higher than normal level of activity. An organ can be described as hyper...

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Impulsivity: Inclined to act on impulse rather than thought. People who are overly impulsi...

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Inheritance: The transmission of a gene from parent to child. The pattern of inheritance i...

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Lability: The state or quality of being labile: susceptible to change, error or instabili...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

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Personality disorder: A disorder characterized by the chronic use of mechanisms of coping ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Psychiatry: The medical specialty that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and tr...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Qualitative: Having to do with quality. In contrast to quantitative (which pertains to qua...

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Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Schizoaffective disorder: A mood disorder that is coupled with some symptoms that resemble...

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Schizophrenia: One of several brain diseases whose symptoms may include loss of personalit...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Tricyclic antidepressants: One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tri...

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Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Medical Dictionary