Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults) article.

20/20: See: Twenty-twenty.

ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Adult ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as found in the adult populati...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antisocial personality: See: Antisocial personality disorder.

Antisocial personality disorder: A pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Anxiety disorder: A chronic condition characterized by an excessive and persistent sense o...

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A disorder in which a person is unable to contro...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depr...

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Borderline personality disorder: A personality type characterized by difficulty forming an...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cluster: In epidemiology, an aggregation of cases of a disease or another health-related c...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Cognitive therapy: A relatively short-term form of psychotherapy based on the concept that...

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Cymbalta: Brand name for duloxetine hydrochloride, a drug approved by the FDA to treat maj...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Duloxetine: See: Cymbalta.

Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Evolution: The continuing process of change.

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Father: (1) The male parent. (2) One who originates. For example, "Wilhelm Roentgen is con...

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Fatty acids: Molecules that are long chains of lipid-carboxylic acid found in fats and oil...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Hyperactivity: A higher than normal level of activity. An organ can be described as hyper...

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Impulsivity: Inclined to act on impulse rather than thought. People who are overly impulsi...

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Inheritance: The transmission of a gene from parent to child. The pattern of inheritance i...

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Lability: The state or quality of being labile: susceptible to change, error or instabili...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Major depression: A disease with certain characteristic signs and symptoms that interferes...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Motor: Something that produces or refers to motion. For example, a motor neuron is a nerve...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Objective: In a microscope, the objective (also called the objective lens) is the lens nea...

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Omega-3 fatty acids: A class of essential fatty acids found in fish oils, especially from ...

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Personality disorder: A disorder characterized by the chronic use of mechanisms of coping ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Qualitative: Having to do with quality. In contrast to quantitative (which pertains to qua...

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Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Schizoaffective disorder: A mood disorder that is coupled with some symptoms that resemble...

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Schizophrenia: One of several brain diseases whose symptoms may include loss of personalit...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Substance abuse: The excessive use of a substance, especially alcohol or a drug. (There is...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tricyclic antidepressants: One of a class of medications used to treat depression. The tri...

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Uncertainty: "Medicine's ground state is uncertainty. And wisdom -- for both patients and ...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen ...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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