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Alcohol Intoxication (cont.)

Driving While Intoxicated: The Facts

FACT: In 2010, over 10,000 people were killed in vehicle crashes involving alcohol in the United States.

FACT: Numerous studies demonstrate that almost all drivers are impaired at a level of 80 mg/dL with respect to critical driving skills such as braking, steering, and changing lanes. Impairment begins as low as 20 mg/dL and is common at 50 mg/dL. Most significant is that impairment of skills begins at a much lower level than required to exhibit obvious signs of being intoxicated. The "per se" level mandated by the federal government for drivers of commercial vehicles is a mere 40 mg/dL (0.04%). This applies to all 50 states.

In 1992, the National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration recommended that all states lower their illegal per se blood alcohol concentration levels to 80 mg/dL (0.08%). Currently, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have per se laws making it illegal to drive with a blood alcohol concentration of 80 mg/dL or greater.

The vast majority of European countries have established lower blood alcohol concentration cutoffs than the United States..

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Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Alcohol-Related Psychosis »

Alcohol-related psychosis is a secondary psychosis with predominant hallucinations occurring in many alcohol-related conditions, including acute intoxication, withdrawal, after a major decrease in alcohol consumption, and alcohol idiosyncratic intoxication.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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