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Alcoholism (cont.)

Prognosis of Alcoholism

  • Remaining alcohol-free is a very difficult task for most people with alcohol use disorder. Individuals who do not seek help after detoxification may have a high relapse rate.
    • Four key factors may influence relapse rate:
      • Less education about addiction and ways to resist urges to relapse
      • Higher levels of frustration and anger
      • More extensive history of cravings and other withdrawal symptoms
      • More frequent consumption of alcohol prior to treatment
    • If a person continues to drink excessively after numerous or ongoing treatments, their prognosis is very poor. Persistent heavy drinkers will often succumb to the effects of alcohol.
    • Alcohol use disorder is a chronic disease not unlike diabetes or congestive heart failure. If alcoholism is considered a chronic disease, a treatment success rate of 50% is similar to the success rates in other chronic illnesses.

For More Information

Adult Children of Alcoholics World Service Organization
Postal Address: ACA WSO
PO Box 3216
Torrance, CA 90510
Phone: 562-595-7831
http://www.adultchildren.org/

AL-ANON
888-4AL-ANON (888-425-2666)
http://www.al-anon.org

Alcoholics Anonymous
A.A. World Services, Inc., 11th Floor
475 Riverside Drive at West 120th St.
New York, NY 10115
Phone: 212-870-3400
http://www.aa.org

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

MedlinePlus, Alcoholism

REFERENCES:

"Alcohol and Crime." National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. <http://www.ncadd.org/index.php/learn-about-alcohol/alcohol-and-crime>.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, fifth edition. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

Burns, Michael James. "Delirium Tremens (DTs)." Medscape.com. June 29, 2011. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/166032-overview#a0156>.

Goldstein, P., H. Brownstein, and P. Ryan. "Drug Related Homicide in New York: 1984 and 1988." Crime Delinquency 38 (1992): 459- 476.

McKay, J.R. "Studies of Factors in Relapse to Alcohol, Drug and Nicotine Use: A Critical Review of Methodologies and Findings." Journal of Studies on Alcohol 60.4 July 1999: 566-576.

Moos, Rudolf H., and Bernice S. Moos. "Rates and Predictors of Relapse After Natural and Treated Remission From Alcohol Use Disorders." Addiction 101.2 Feb. 2006: 212-222. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1976118/>.

Spunt, B., H. Brownstein, P. Goldstein, M. Fendrich, M., and J. Liberty. "Drug Use by Homicide Offenders." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 27.2 (1995): 125-134.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Facts Sheets - Excessive Alcohol Use and Risks to Men's Health." Jan. 16, 2014. <http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/mens-health.htm>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Motor Vehicle Safety." Oct. 4, 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Unintentional Drowning: Fact Sheet." May 16, 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/water-safety/waterinjuries-factsheet.html>.

United States. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "Alcohol Facts and Statistics." May 21, 2014. <http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics>.

United States. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. "FAQs for the General Public." Feb. 2012. <http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/FAQs/General-English/Pages/default.aspx>.

United States. U.S. Fire Administration. FEMA. "Focus on Fire Safety: Alcohol and Fire." Mar. 20, 2009. <http://www.usfa.fema.gov/citizens/focus/alcohol.shtm>.

United States. U.S. National Library of Medicine. "Acamprosate." Feb. 11, 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0000272/>.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/17/2014

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