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Allergic Reaction (cont.)

Other Therapy

Allergy shots: These are given to some people who have persistent and disruptive allergy symptoms.

  • The shots do not treat symptoms, but by altering the immune response they prevent future reactions. (This is referred to as immunotherapy.)
  • Treatment involves a series of shots, each containing a slightly greater amount of the antigen(s) that cause the reaction.
  • The shots are administered every two to four weeks for two to five years.
  • Ideally, the person will become "desensitized" to the antigen(s) over time.
  • The effectiveness of shots varies by individual.

Probiotics: There have been studies that have looked into the use of probiotics (live microorganisms thought to be beneficial to the body) to treat allergies, particularly atopic dermatitis in infants. Results of a recent meta-analysis were mixed, and their effectiveness has not yet been proven. More study is needed about the role of probiotics in the management of allergic reactions.

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