Allergy: Insect Sting Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Allergy: Insect Sting article.

Abate: To lessen or decrease. For example, after a boil is lanced, the pus can drain and t...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Allergen: A substance that can cause an allergic reaction. Common allergens include ragwee...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Allergy shots: See Allergy desensitization.

Anaphylactic shock: A widespread and very serious allergic reaction. Symptoms include dizz...

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Anaphylaxis: Allergic reaction. In severe cases, this can include potentially deadly anap...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

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Antihistamines: Drugs that combat the histamine released during an allergic reaction by bl...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Blister: A collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin (epidermis). There are man...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Calamine: An astringent made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, customarily used in lotion...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dilate: To stretch or enlarge. Also known as dilatate.

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Epinephrine: Also known as adrenaline. A substance produced by the medulla inside of the a...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail cons...

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Fire ants: Originally from S. America. Among the worst insect pests ever to invade the US....

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Hay fever: A seasonal allergy to airborne particles characterized by itchy eyes, runny nos...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Histamine: A substance that plays a major role in many allergic reactions, dilating blood ...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunoglobulin: A protein produced by plasma cells and lymphocytes and characteristic of t...

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Immunoglobulin E: A class of immunoglobulins that includes the antibodies that are importa...

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Immunology: The study of all aspects of the immune system, including its structure and fun...

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Immunotherapy: Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune (defense) syst...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Insect sting: A sting from a stinging insect, such as a bee, hornet, yellow jacket, or was...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prescription drug: A drug requiring a prescription, as opposed to an over-the-counter drug...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Venom: A poison, particularly one secreted by an animal. Examples are bee venom, snake ven...

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Ventilator: A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and ca...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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