Alzheimer's Disease Stages: Symptoms and Signs (cont.)
Symptoms of Middle (Intermediate) Stage of Alzheimer's Disease
- Starting to have trouble carrying out everyday activities such as bathing, dressing, and grooming without help
- Major gaps in memory begin to be evident, with individuals often unable to recall their address, the year, the season, and recent events.
- Individuals often incorrectly remember their personal history.
- Inability to think clearly and solve problems
- Inability to make judgments such as dressing for the weather
- Difficulty with understanding or learning new information
- Speaking, reading, and writing are difficult, but individuals can usually read and understand short phrases, especially common ones.
- Individuals can be disoriented or confused even in familiar surroundings, occasionally forgetting names of people close to them.
- Beginning to experience significant behavioral symptoms such as anxiety, suspiciousness, hallucinations, or delusions
- They can still remember things that happened long ago and recognize people from early in their life.
- They still recognize their own face.
- They can interpret simple sensory experiences (sound, taste, smells, sights, and touch).
- Walking and mobility are usually not difficult.
- They can usually still eat and use the toilet without assistance.
- Individuals can make decisions requiring a simple yes/no and either/or judgment
Symptoms of Late Stage of Alzheimer's Disease
- Complete loss of short- and long-term memory, potentially even the inability to recognize even close relatives and friends.
- Complete dependence on others for everyday activities including eating and using the toilet.
- Urinary or stool incontinence.
- Severe disorientation- including wandering and getting lost.
- Heightened behavior or personality changes such as hostility or aggressiveness, may be apparent.
- Individuals lose their mobility and may be unable to walk or move or even sit without help.
- Impaired ability to communicate.
- Other movements, such as swallowing are impaired, which increases the risk of malnutrition, choking, and aspiration.
- Interpreting and using basic body language is still possible.
- Individuals can usually still understand and experience sensory information.
Medically reviewed by Joseph Carcione, DO; American board of Psychiatry and Neurology
eMedicine.com. Alzheimer Disease.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/15/2016
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