Amenorrhea Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Amenorrhea article.

Acromegaly: Condition due to the production of too much growth hormone by the pituitary gl...

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Amenorrhea: Absence or cessation of menstruation. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided ...

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Androgen: A male sex hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of the male s...

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Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion...

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Anorexia nervosa: See Anorexia.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain tumor: A benign or malignant growth in the brain. Primary brain tumors initially for...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Bulimia: Also called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of secr...

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Cervix: The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The uterus, a hollow, ...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic disease: A disease that persists for a long time. A chronic disease is one lasting...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Cushing syndrome: The constellation of symptoms and signs caused by an excess of cortisol ...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dopamine: An important neurotransmitter (messenger) in the brain.

Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Endometrium: The inner layer of the uterus.

Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Galactose: A sugar found in milk. Galactose is a disaccharide that is made up of two sugar...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hirsutism: Having excessive facial and bodily hair. Hirsutism can be a side effect of cert...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Hymen: A thin membrane that may completely or partially cover the vaginal opening before f...

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Hypothalamus: The area of the brain that secretes substances that influence pituitary and ...

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Hysteroscopy: A procedure to see inside the uterus (the womb) using a viewing scope that i...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Intrauterine: In the uterus.

Lactation: The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, w...

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Luteinizing hormone: A gonadotropin (a hormone that affects the function of the sex organs...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also ...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Oophoritis: Inflammation of the ovary, or egg sac.

Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Ovulation: The release of the ripe egg (ovum) from the ovary. The egg is released when the...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Peripheral vision: Side vision. The ability to see objects and movement outside of the di...

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Pituitary: 1. As an adjective, pertaining to the pituitary gland or its hormonal se...

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Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. It is a small structure in the head. It is ca...

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Polycystic ovary syndrome: Abbreviated PCOS. Polcystic ovary syndrome is a condition in wo...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Primary amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided into ...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prolactin: A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates lactation (milk produ...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to damage cancer cells, stopping them from ...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Sarcoidosis: A disease of unknown origin that causes small lumps (granulomas) due to chron...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Secondary amenorrhea: The cessation of menstruation for abnormal reasons. Causes include a...

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Septum: A dividing wall or enclosure. For example, the septum of the nose is the thin cart...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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TSH: Thyroid stimulating hormone.

Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Uterine lining: The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatom...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary