Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Amenorrhea can result because of an abnormality in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, anatomical abnormalities of the genital tract, or functional causes.
Craniopharyngioma (a brain tumor near the pituitary gland)
Teratoma (a tumor made up of a mixture of tissues)
Sarcoidosis (a chronic disease of unknown cause characterized by the formation of nodules in different parts of the body)
Kallmann syndrome (deficiency of gonadotropins, which are hormones capable of promoting growth and function of reproductive organs)
Low body weight or growth delay
Prolactinemia (high blood levels of prolactin, a hormone that stimulates secretion of milk from the breasts during breastfeeding) -
possibly caused by prolactinoma (a tumor of the pituitary gland secreting the hormone prolactin)