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Amenorrhea (cont.)

Amenorrhea Diagnosis

A doctor may perform the following tests to determine the cause of the amenorrhea:

  • Blood tests may be performed to determine the levels of hormones secreted by the pituitary gland (FSH, LH, TSH, and prolactin) and the ovaries (estrogen).
  • Ultrasonography of the pelvis may be performed to assess the abnormalities of the genital tract or to look for polycystic ovaries.
  • CT scan or MRI of the head may be performed to exclude pituitary and hypothalamic causes of amenorrhea.

If the above tests are inconclusive, additional tests may be performed including:

  • Thyroid function tests
  • Determination of prolactin levels
  • Hysterosalpingogram (X-ray test) or saline infusion sonography (SIS), both of which examine the uterus
  • Hysteroscopy (visual inspection of the uterine cavity)
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Amenorrhea - Causes

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Amenorrhea, Primary »

Primary amenorrhea is the failure of menses to occur by age 16 years, in the presence of normal growth and secondary sexual characteristics.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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