Anal Abscess Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Anal Abscess article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Debridement: The act of debriding (removing dead, contaminated or adherent tissue or forei...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inpatient: A patient whose care requires a stay in a hospital. As opposed to an outpatient...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Perianal: Located around the anus, the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Perianal abscess: A local accumulation of pus that forms next to the anus, causing tender ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary