Anal Fissure Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Anal Fissure article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Anal fissure: A tear in the anal canal, one of the most common causes of red blood in the ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Botox: A highly purified preparation of botulinum toxin A, a toxin produced by the bacteri...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Excise: To cut out entirely. For example, a scalpel or laser beam may be used to excise a ...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Fissure: A cleft or groove. A fissure can be normal or abnormal.

Fistula: An abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface int...

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Hemorrhoid: A dilated (enlarged) vein in the walls of the anus and sometimes around the re...

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Hemorrhoids: Dilated (enlarged) veins in the walls of the anus and sometimes around the re...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Intractable: Unstoppable. For example, intractable diarrhea is diarrhea that can't be stop...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Mucosa: Having to do with a mucous membrane. For example, the oral mucosa.

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rectal bleeding: Blood passed rectally. Blood in the stool can be bright red or maroon in ...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sigmoidoscopy: A procedure in which a physician inserts a viewing tube (sigmoidoscope) int...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Superficial: In anatomy, on the surface or shallow. As opposed to deep. The skin is superf...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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