Anal Fissure Topic Guide
Anal Fissure (Symptoms, Causes, Diet, and Treatments): Anal fissures are small tears in the skin overlying the anus. Anal fissures are generally caused by constipation, or straining with a bowel movement. Symptoms of an anal fissure include severe pain during a bowel movement, drops of blood in the toilet, and pain while sitting. Treatment of anal fissures include home remedies such as Sitz baths and a high fiber diet. Medical treatment of anal fissures include medication, botox injections, or surgery.
Hemorrhoids are large veins in the rectum that cause pain. Causes of hemorrhoids include constipation, straining during a bowel movement, low-fiber diet, and liver disease. Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids are usually painless. External or prolapsed internal hemorrhoid symptoms and signs may include:
There are a variety of over-the-counter treatments for hemorrhoids. Some do not resolve on their own so surgery is necessary.
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