Anatomy Involved in Crohn's Disease Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Anatomy Involved in Crohn's Disease article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. Fr...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Calorie: A unit of food energy. The word calorie is ordinarily used instead of the more pr...

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Cecum: The first portion of the large bowel, which is situated in the lower-right quadrant...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chyme: A predigested, acidified mass of food that passes from the stomach into the small i...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Duodenum: The first part of the small intestine. The duodenum is a common site for peptic ...

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Enzymes: Proteins that act as a catalysts in mediating and speeding a specific chemical re...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fats: Plural of the word "fat". See the definition of fat.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastroenterology: The medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of d...

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Ileum: Part of the small intestine beyond the jejunum and before the large intestine (colo...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Jejunum: Part of the small intestine. It is half-way down the small intestine between its...

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Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lumen: A luminous term referring to the channel within a tube such as a blood vessel or to...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pancreas: A spongy, tube-shaped organ that is about 6 inches long and is located in the ba...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that extends from the stomach to the larg...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Transverse: In anatomy, a horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the t...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Vagina: The muscular canal that extends from the cervix to the outside of the body. It is ...

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Villi: Plural of villus, a tiny finger-like or vascular projection.

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