Brain Aneurysm Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Brain Aneurysm article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anemic: Relating to anemia, the condition of having less than the normal number of red blo...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Angiogram: An X-ray image of blood vessels. The vessels can be seen because a contrast dye...

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Antihypertensive: Something that reduces high blood pressure (hypertension).

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Brain aneurysm: An aneurysm of a blood vessel in the brain, usually due to a defect in the...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebrospinal fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced and absorbed and that fl...

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Collagen: The principal protein of the skin, tendons, cartilage, bone, and connective tiss...

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Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dysplasia: Abnormality in form or development. For example, retinal dysplasia is abnormal ...

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Endocarditis: an inflammation of one or more of the heart valves and lining tissues of the...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fusiform: Formed like a spindle: wider in the middle and tapering toward the ends. For exa...

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Fusiform aneurysm: An outpouching or widening of an artery or a vein that is shaped like a...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Interventional: Pertaining to the act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the ...

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Interventional radiologist: A radiologist who uses image guidance methods to gain access t...

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Intracranial: Within the cranium, the bony dome that houses and protects the brain.

Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lupus: A chronic inflammatory disease that is caused by autoimmunity. Patients with lupus ...

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Morbidity: Illness, disease.

Mortality: Susceptible to death.

MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Neck pain: Neck pain is the sensation of discomfort in the neck area. Neck pain can result...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Neurosurgeon: A physician who specializes in surgery on the brain and other parts of the n...

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On call: In medicine, the person who is ready to respond, the one on duty. As in "Who is t...

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Oxygenation: The addition of oxygen to any system, including the human body. Oxygenation m...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Photophobia: Painful oversensitivity to light. For example, photophobia is often seen in m...

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Polycystic kidney disease: A genetic disorder characterized by the development of innumera...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prothrombin: A coagulation (clotting) factor that is needed for the normal clotting of blo...

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Prothrombin time: A test that is done to gauge the integrity of part of the blood clotting...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Saccular: Being like a small pouch. For example, the alveolar saccules are little air pouc...

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Saccular aneurysm: An aneurysm that resembles a small sack. A berry aneurysm is typically ...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sense of smell: See Olfaction.

Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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SPECT: An acronym that stands for Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, a nuclear me...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Transcranial: Through the cranium. As, for example, in transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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