Broken Ankle Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Broken Ankle article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Ankle joint: A joint that is composed of three bones: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus...

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Ankle pain: Pain in the ankle, a "hinged" joint. Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain o...

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Ankle sprain: A common musculoskeletal injury in which the ligaments of the ankle partiall...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Compound fracture: A fracture in which a bone is sticking through the skin. Also known as ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fibula: The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg. The end of the fibula forms the bon...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Hemarthrosis: Blood in a joint.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Malleolus: The rounded bony prominence on either side of the ankle joint.

Medial: 1. Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of ...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

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Numb: Numb, or numbness is a loss of the sensation of feeling in an area of the body. Numb...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Orthopedist: An orthopedic surgeon, a physician who corrects congenital or functional abno...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior.

Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proxim...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shin: 1. The tibia, the larger of the two bones in the lower leg.
2. T...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Sprained ankle: See: Ankle sprain.

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Synovial fluid: The slippery fluid that lubricates joints. Also known as synovia.

Talus: The ankle bone, or the ankle itself. The ankle joint is formed by the talus and the...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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