Ankle Sprain Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Ankle Sprain article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Achilles tendon: One of the longest tendons in the body, a tough sinew that attaches the c...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Ankle joint: A joint that is composed of three bones: the tibia, the fibula, and the talus...

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Ankle sprain: A common musculoskeletal injury in which the ligaments of the ankle partiall...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Avulsion: Tearing away. A nerve can be avulsed by an injury, as can part of a bone.

Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Calf: The belly or fleshy hind part of the back of the leg below the knee. The calf is mad...

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Cast: 1) A protective shell of fiberglass, plastic, or plaster, and bandage that is molde...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fibula: The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg. The end of the fibula forms the bon...

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Flat feet: Absence of an arch in the sole of the foot that causes the foot to lie flat whe...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Frostbite: Damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cel...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from th...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Malleolus: The rounded bony prominence on either side of the ankle joint.

Medial: 1. Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Podiatrist: A specialist in the diagnosis and care of foot disorders, including their medi...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rebound: The reversal of response upon withdrawal of a stimulus.

Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Talus: The ankle bone, or the ankle itself. The ankle joint is formed by the talus and the...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tibia: The larger of the two long bones in the lower leg. The tibia is familiarly known as...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

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