Ankylosing Spondylitis, Ophthalmologic Perspective Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Ankylosing Spondylitis, Ophthalmologic Perspective article.

Ankylosing: Having a tendency to stiffen and fuse together.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joi...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Atropine: A drug, made from the belladonna plant, that is administered via injection, eye ...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Blurred vision: Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine d...

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Calcification: The process of suffusing tissues with calcium salts.

Cataract: A clouding or loss of transparency of the lens in the eye as a result of tissu...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Ciliary body: Part of the eye, the ciliary body is a circular structure just behind the ir...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilate: To stretch or enlarge. Also known as dilatate.

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Dilating: The widening and opening of an opening, such as the cervix or esophagus. For exa...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Gene: The basic biological unit of heredity. A segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) need...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises to a lev...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immunosuppressive: 1. Pertaining to immunosuppression, the suppression of the immun...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intraocular: In the eye. For example, intraocular pressure is the pressure within the eye....

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Intraocular pressure: The pressure created by the continual renewal of fluids within the ...

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Iris: The circular, colored curtain of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. T...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Low back pain: Pain in the lower back area that can relate to problems with the lumbar spi...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Macular: Pertaining to the macula.

Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ophthalmic: Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the...

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Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

Ophthalmology: The art and science of eye ?medicine.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Participant: 1. In a clinical trial, someone who takes part in it. A participant ma...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Photophobia: Painful oversensitivity to light. For example, photophobia is often seen in m...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Pupil: The opening of the iris. The pupil may appear to open (dilate) and close (constrict...

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Recalcitrant: Stubborn. For example, a recalcitrant case of pneumonia stubbornly resists t...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Retina: The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light, and cr...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Rheumatologist: A specialist in the non-surgical treatment of rheumatic illnesses, especia...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Scopolamine: A naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called a...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Skeleton: The skeleton is composed of bones and is the framework of the body.

Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Diffuse inflammati...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Uvea: An inner layer of the eye that includes the iris, the blood vessels that serve the e...

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Uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea. Uveitis is a serious form of eye inflammation and requi...

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Vertebrae: The preferred plural of vertebra. (The alternate plural is vertebras.) See also...

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Visual acuity: The clarity or clearness of vision, a measure of how well a person sees.

Visual acuity test: This test measures how well you see at various distances. It is the f...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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