Anorexia Nervosa Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Anorexia Nervosa article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Amenorrhea: Absence or cessation of menstruation. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided ...

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Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion...

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Anorexia nervosa: See Anorexia.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Binge eating disorder: An eating disorder characterized by periods of extreme overeating, ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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BMI: Body mass index.

Body mass index: A key index for relating weight to height. Abbreviated BMI. BMI is a pers...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Bulimia: Also called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of secr...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

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Cheek: The side of the face, which forms the side wall of the mouth. The cheekbone is part...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Endocrine: Pertaining to hormones and the glands that make and secrete them into the blood...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fasting: : going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain peri...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Feeding tube: See: Enteral nutrition.

Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Inpatient: A patient whose care requires a stay in a hospital. As opposed to an outpatient...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Obesity: The state of being well above one's normal weight.

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Overweight: The term "overweight" is used in two different ways. In one sense it is a way ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parotid gland: The largest of the three major salivary glands, it is located in front and ...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Puberty: Adolescence, the period in which the human body first becomes capable of reproduc...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Remedy: Something that consistently helps treat or cure a disease.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory rate: The number of breaths per minute or, more formally, the number of moveme...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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