Antibiotics Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Antibiotics article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antibiotic resistance: The ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to resist the effe...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Common cold: A contagious viral upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold can be ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Earache: Pain in the ear. This can occur because of conditions within the ear itself, the ...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Flu: Short for influenza. The flu is caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract w...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Generic: 1. The chemical name of a drug. 2. A term referring to the chemical...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mold: One of a large group of fungi that can proliferate on food or in moist areas. Househ...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Sulfonamides: The sulfa-related group of antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial in...

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Sumycin: See: Tetracycline.

Tetracycline: A family of broad-spectrum antibiotics effective against a remarkably wide v...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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