Anxiety Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Anxiety article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute stress disorder: The anxiety and behavioral disturbances that develop within a month...

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Addiction: An uncontrollable craving, seeking, and use of a substance such as alcohol or a...

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Alprazolam: A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central n...

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Altitude sickness: Altitude sickness (or altitude illness) is a disorder caused by being a...

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Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells or quantity ...

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Anticipation: The progressively earlier appearance and increased severity of a disease fro...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Anxiety disorder: A chronic condition characterized by an excessive and persistent sense o...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Benzodiazepines: A class of drugs that act as tranquilizers and are commonly used in the t...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Cognitive therapy: A relatively short-term form of psychotherapy based on the concept that...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Embolism: The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot that tr...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emphysema: is a lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air due to enlargemen...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Generalized anxiety disorder: Abbreviated GAD. A condition characterized by 6 months or mo...

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Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heroin: Semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced co...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Meditation: A typically self-directed practice for relaxing the body and calming the mind....

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Mitral valve: A valve in the heart that is situated between the left atrium and the left v...

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Mitral valve prolapse: A common heart valve anomaly affecting 5'10 percent of people that ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neurotransmitter: A chemical that is released from a nerve cell which thereby transmits an...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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Panic: A sudden strong feeling of fear that prevents reasonable thought or action. The wor...

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Panic disorder: An anxiety disorder that is characterized by sudden attacks of fear and pa...

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Post-traumatic stress: An anxiety disorder that develops in some individuals who have had...

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Post-traumatic stress disorder: A common anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to ...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Psychiatrist: A physician who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of m...

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Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behavior disorders, mental illness, or any other conditi...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary embolism: Sudden closure of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches, caused by...

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Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Separation anxiety: A developmental stage during which a child experiences anxiety when se...

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Separation anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety concerning separation from home or from tho...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Tension: 1) The pressure within a vessel, such as blood pressure: the pressure within t...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

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Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Thyroid gland: A gland that makes and stores hormones that help regulate the heart rate, b...

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Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Xanax: See: Alprazolam.

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