Aortic Aneurysm Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Aortic Aneurysm article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal aneurysm: An aneurysm situated within the abdomen (belly). An aneurysm is a loc...

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Abdominal aorta: The abdominal aorta is the final section of the aorta, the largest ar...

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A balloon-like swelling in the wall of the aorta within the abd...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adventitia: The outermost connective tissue covering of any organ, vessel, or other struct...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Angiogram: An X-ray image of blood vessels. The vessels can be seen because a contrast dye...

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Aorta: The largest artery in the body, the aorta arises from the left ventricle of the he...

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Aortic: Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Aortic aneurysm: An outpouching (a local widening) of the largest artery in the body, the ...

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Aortic dissection: A progressive tear in the aorta. The inner lining (intima) of the aorta...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Atherosclerosis: A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-...

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Atherosclerotic: Pertaining to atherosclerosis, the process of progressive thickening and ...

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Back pain: Pain felt in the low or upper back. Causes of pain in the low and upper back in...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Beta blocker: A class of drugs that block the effect of beta-adrenergic substances such as...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bruit: A sound heard over an artery or vascular channel, reflecting turbulence of flow. Mo...

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Bypass: An operation in which a new pathway is created for the transport of substances in ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiopulmonary: Having to do with both the heart and lungs.

Cardiopulmonary bypass: Bypass of the heart and lungs (for example, during open-heart surg...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Cardiovascular system: The heart and blood vessels. Also known as circulatory system.

Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Circulatory: Having to do with circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuito...

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Circulatory system: The system that moves blood throughout the body. The circulatory syste...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Connective tissue disease: A disease (autoimmune or otherwise) that attacks the collagen o...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Descending aorta: The descending aorta is the part of the aorta, the largest artery in t...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dissection: The process of cutting apart or separating tissue as, for example, in the stud...

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Distal: The more (or most) distant of two (or more) things. For example, the distal end of...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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ECG: Electrocardiogram.

Echocardiography: Echocardiography is a diagnostic test which uses ultrasound waves to mak...

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Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A heritable disorder of connective tissue that is characterized by...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Emboli: Something that travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel and block...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Familial: A condition that tends to occur more often in family members than is expected by...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Graft: Healthy skin, bone, kidney, liver, or other tissue that is taken from one part of t...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

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Internal bleeding: Bleeding inside the body that is not seen from the outside. Internal bl...

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Interventional: Pertaining to the act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the ...

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Interventional radiologist: A radiologist who uses image guidance methods to gain access t...

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Ischemia: Inadequate blood supply to a local area due to blockage of blood vessels leading...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Large bowel: Another name for the large intestine.

Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Marfan syndrome: An inherited disorder of connective tissue that is characterized by abnor...

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Medial: 1. Pertaining to the middle; in or toward the middle; nearer the middle of ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscular: Having to do with the muscles. Also, endowed with above average muscle developme...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Operation: In medicine, a surgical procedure. Many operations are named after persons. The...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Plaque:1. An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an are...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Primary care: A patient's main source for regular medical care, ideally providing continui...

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Probe: 1: In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to explore, ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Scaffold: 1. In genetics, the chromosome structure consisting entirely of nonhiston...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microor...

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Shock: In medicine, a critical condition that is brought on by a sudden drop in blood flow...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

Stent: A tube designed to be inserted into a vessel or passageway to keep it open. Stents ...

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Stethoscope: An instrument that is used to transmit low-volume sounds such as a heartbeat ...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic orga...

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Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest. For example, the thoracic aorta is the part of the aort...

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Thoracic aorta: The thoracic aorta is a section of the aorta, the largest artery in the ...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Thrombi: Plural of thrombus.

Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vasculitis: A general term for a group of uncommon diseases that feature inflammation of t...

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Ventricle: A chamber of an organ. For example, the four connected cavities in the central ...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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