Appendicitis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Appendicitis article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

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Analysis: In psychology, a term for conversation-based therapeutic processes used to gain ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Appendectomy: Removal by surgery of the appendix, the small worm-like appendage of the co...

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Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

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Appendix: A small outpouching from the beginning of the large intestine.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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CT scan: Computed tomography scan. Detailed images of internal organs are obtained by this...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Diverticulitis: Inflammation of the diverticula (small outpouchings) along the wall of th...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gallstones: Stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones can be as smal...

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Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

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Histoplasma: Full name: histoplasma capsulatum. A microscopic fungus that causes th...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Infertility: Diminished or absent ability to conceive and bear offspring. A couple is cons...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Laparoscopy: A type of surgery in which small incisions are made in the abdominal wall thr...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Mycobacteria: Plural of mycobacterium.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Navel: The umbilicus, the former site of attachment of the umbilical cord, usually found i...

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Neonatal: Pertaining to the newborn period, specifically the first 4 weeks after birth.

Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Pelvis: The lower part of the abdomen, located between the hip bones. Structures in the fe...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Prenatal: Occurring or existing before birth.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Quadrant: A quarter of an area. For example, the liver is in the right upper quadrant of t...

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Radiation: 1. Rays of energy. Gamma rays and X-rays are two of the types of energy ...

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Retrospective: Looking backward on the past, on what has already taken place. A retrospect...

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Retrospective study: In medicine, a study that looks backward in time, usually using medic...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Umbilicus: The vestige left behind on a newborn's belly when the umbilical cord is cut. A...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urinary tract infection: An infection of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or urethra. Abbrevia...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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Yersinia: A group of bacteria that appear rod-like under the microscope and include Yer...

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