Arch Pain Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Arch Pain article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Ankle: The ankle joint is complex. It is made up of two joints: the true ankle joint and ...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bone scan: A nuclear medicine technique for creating images of bones on a computer screen ...

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Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and l...

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Calcaneus: The heel bone, a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot. Also kn...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Conditioning: 1) Exercise and practice to build the body up for either improved normal pe...

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Connective tissue: A material made up of fibers forming a framework and support structure...

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Contusion: Another name for a bruise. What is a bruise ? A bruise, or contusion, is caused...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia.

Foot pain: Foot pain is the sensation of discomfort in the foot arising from disorders or ...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory response: A fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Ligament: A tough band of connective tissue that connects various structures, such as two ...

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Longitudinal: Along the length of something; running lengthwise or, by extension, over the...

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Lower leg: The lower leg is the bottom segment of the leg: the part below the knee.

Metatarsals: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. The ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Plantar: Having to do with the sole of the foot.

Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the plantar fascia, the bowstring-like tissue that stre...

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Prophylactic: A preventive measure. The word comes from the Greek for "an advance guard," ...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stress fracture: A fracture caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Transverse: In anatomy, a horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the t...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary