Font Size
A
A
A
1
...

Asperger's Syndrome
(Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder)

Asperger's Syndrome Overview

Asperger's syndrome, also known as Asperger disorder, Asperger syndrome, or AS, was formerly felt to be a distinct disorder related to autism, one of the pervasive developmental disorders (a spectrum of behavioral disorders including autism). Asperger's syndrome was characterized as one of the autism spectrum disorders (which also include autistic disorder, Rett disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified [PDD-NOS]). In the revised Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) published in May 2013, Asperger's syndrome and autistic disorder have been combined into one condition for diagnostic purposes, known as autism spectrum disorder. However, many experts still believe that Asperger's syndrome should be preserved as a separate diagnostic entity to represent a condition related to, but not the same as, autism. Unlike persons with autistic disorder, those with Asperger's syndrome do not show a marked delay in language development or cognitive development. Asperger's syndrome is commonly recognized in children after the age of 3 years and is more frequently diagnosed in boys.

Individuals with Asperger's syndrome have serious impairments in their social and communication skills, including poor nonverbal communication. However, many individuals have good cognitive and verbal skills, and those with Asperger's syndrome typically have normal to superior intelligence. Many have excellent rote memory and become intensely interested in one or two subjects.

Children with Asperger's syndrome are typically educated in the mainstream setting but sometimes require education accommodations or special education services. These children often have difficulty making friends and are often ostracized, teased, or bullied by their peers.

Asperger's syndrome is named for Dr. Hans Asperger, an Austrian pediatrician, who first described the condition in 1944. The condition was first recognized as a diagnostic entity by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) in 1994 but was combined with autistic disorder in the DSM-V issued in 2013.

Must Read Articles Related to Asperger Syndrome

Autism
Autism Autism is a complex behaviorally defined developmental disorder with three core features: 1) impaired reciprocal social interaction, 2) impaired communication, ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder):

Asperger's Syndrome - Test

What test did you or a loved one have for Asperger's syndrome?

Asperger's Syndrome - Treatment

What kind of treatment have you had for Asperger's syndrome?

Asperger's Syndrome - Symptoms

What Asperger's syndrome symptoms do you struggle with?

Asperger's Syndrome - Causes

Do you suspect that genetics play a role in your Asperger's syndrome? Why or why not?





Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Pervasive Developmental Disorder: Asperger Syndrome »

Asperger disorder is a form of pervasive developmental disorder characterized by persistent impairment in social interactions, repetitive behavior patterns, and restricted interests.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


Parenting Know-How: We've hand-picked our best pregnancy, baby and parenting content just for you

Medical Dictionary