Asperger Syndrome (cont.)
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Asperger's Syndrome Causes
The cause of Asperger's syndrome is unknown. A genetic component to this syndrome is likely, given that the condition has been observed to run in families. It is also likely that environmental influences play a role. Although there remain concerns among some families that vaccines and/or the preservatives in vaccines may play a role in the development of Asperger's syndrome and other autism spectrum disorders, experts have discredited this theory.
Asperger's syndrome is much more common in boys than in girls. In fact, it is 5 times more common in boys. The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders is increasing in the U.S. Recent studies show that approximately 1 out of every 110 children has an autism spectrum disorder. It is not entirely clear whether the increase in the number of children is due to improvements and modifications in the diagnostic process and/or some degree of true increase in the incidence of the disorders themselves. Both factors likely are involved.
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Asperger disorder is a form of pervasive developmental disorder characterized by persistent impairment in social interactions, repetitive behavior patterns, and restricted interests.