Aspirin Poisoning Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Aspirin Poisoning article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Activated charcoal: Charcoal that has been heated to increase its ability to absorb molecu...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Analgesic: A drug that relieves pain.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

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Bladder: A hollow organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. The kidneys filter waste f...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiopulmonary: Having to do with both the heart and lungs.

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

Child abuse: A complex set of behaviors that include child neglect and the physical, emoti...

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Chloride: The major anion (negatively charged substance) in the blood and extracellular fl...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Diuresis: The increased formation of urine by the kidney. See diuretic for more detail.

Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emergency physician: A physician focused on the immediate decision making and action neces...

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Father: (1) The male parent. (2) One who originates. For example, "Wilhelm Roentgen is con...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

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Hippocrates: (c.460-377BC) Great Greek physician on the Mediterranean island of Cos, who f...

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Hyperventilation: Overbreathing. Hyperventilation causes dizziness, lightheadedness, a sen...

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Hypokalemia: Low blood potassium.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

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Ipecac: A naturally occurring substance with multiple properties including the ability to ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lavage: Washing out. Gastric lavage, for example, is the washing out of the stomach to rem...

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Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

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Lethal: Deadly.

Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Life support: 1. A therapy or device designed to preserve someone's life when an es...

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Low blood pressure: Any blood pressure that is below the normal expected for an individua...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacologist: A specialist in the science of medications. A pharmacologist is usually es...

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Poison: Any substance that can cause severe organ damage or death if ingested, breathed in...

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Poison control center: A special information center set up to inform people about how to r...

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Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostaglandin: One of a number of hormone-like substances that participate in a wide range...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Salicylic acid: A substance obtained from plants (white willow back and wintergreen leaves...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life. As in a suicidal gesture, su...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Synthesis: Putting together different entities to make a whole which is new and different....

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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Toxicity: The degree to which a substance (a toxin or poison) can harm humans or animals. ...

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Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Ventilator: A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and ca...

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Vessel: A tube in the body that carries fluids. Examples of vessels are blood vessels and ...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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