Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
Author: Irina Petrache, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Indiana University and Catherine Sears, MD, Pulmonary Fellow, Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Indiana University.
Editors: Ryland P Byrd Jr, MD, Chief of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical Director of Respiratory Therapy, Quillen VA Medical Center; Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine, James H Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University; Mary L Windle, Pharm D, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Pharmacy; Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine.com, Inc; Zab Mosenifar, MD, Director, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Executive Vice Chair, Department of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Professor of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine.
Asthma in Pregnancy. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 90. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Obstetrics and Gynecology 111 (2008): 457-64.
Carter, B.L., C.E. Driscoll, and G.D. Smith. "Theophylline Clearance During
Pregnancy." Obstet Gyencol 68.4 (1986): 555-9.
Murphy, V.E., V.L. Clifton, and P.G. Gibson. "Asthma Exacerbations During Pregnancy: Incidence and Association with Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes."
Thorax 61 (2006): 169-176.
Park-Wyllie, L., P. Mazzotta, A. Pastuszak, M.E. Moretti, L. Beique, L. Hunnisett, et al. "Birth Defects After
Maternal Exposure to Corticosteroids: Prospective Cohort Study and Meta-analysis of
Epidemiological Studies." Teratology 62 (2000): 385-92.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "2009 H1N1 Influenza Vaccine and Pregnant Women: Information for Healthcare Providers." Jan. 14, 2010. Nov. 2, 2009. <http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/vaccination/providers_qa.htm>.
Werler, M.M. "Teratogen Update: Pseudoephedrine." Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 76 (2006): 445-52.