Asthma in Teens and Adults (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Preventing asthma attacks
The main focus of prevention is to reduce the number, length, and severity of asthma attacks. By avoiding triggers, you may be able to prevent or reduce the severity of symptoms. For more information on identifying your triggers, see:
If you can predict or often have asthma attacks when you exercise, use your inhaler 10 minutes before you start the activity so you can avoid an attack.
The following is information about specific triggers. If you know that any of these cause your symptoms to become worse, you should avoid or limit your exposure to them.
Irritants in the air
Common irritants in the air, such as tobacco smoke and air pollution, can trigger asthma attacks in some people.
Controlling tobacco smoke is important because it is a major cause of asthma symptoms in children and adults. If you have asthma, try to avoid being around others who are smoking, and ask people not to smoke in your house.
Some household cleaning products cause asthma symptoms or make them worse. If a cleaning product seems to trigger your asthma, stop using it or use another product that does not cause symptoms.
Consider staying inside when air pollution levels are high. Other irritants in the air (such as fumes from gas, oil, or kerosene or wood-burning stoves) can sometimes irritate the bronchial tubes, which carry air to the lungs. Avoiding these may decrease your asthma symptoms.
If you are allergic to certain substances (allergens), you may decrease your asthma symptoms by limiting exposure to these substances.
To help reduce your exposure to allergens:
You may also need to avoid exposure to other types of triggers that cause asthma symptoms.
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