Font Size

Autism (cont.)

Autism Medications

Medication does not treat the underlying neurologic problems associated with autism. Rather, medication is given to help manage behavioral manifestations of the disorder, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention difficulties, and anxiety. In most cases, medication is given to lessen these problems so that the person can receive maximum benefit from behavioral and educational approaches.

Medications used in autism are psychoactive, meaning they affect the brain. Those used most often include the following:

Very few of these drugs have been tested in scientific studies in individuals with autism.

  • Moreover, issues related to dosage (especially important in children), monitoring, and interactions with other drugs and foods are concerns, as are short- and long-term side effects.
  • Many of these medications have side effects such as sleepiness (sedation) or trouble sleeping (insomnia), weight loss or weight gain.
  • Infrequently, dependence may develop with some of these drugs.
  • These medications should be prescribed only by a medical professional experienced in treating persons with autism.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/18/2014

Must Read Articles Related to Autism

Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder)
Asperger Syndrome Asperger syndrome, also known as Asperger's disorder, Asperger's syndrome, or AS, is a pervasive developmental disorder. Asperger syndrome is characterized as o...learn more >>
Seizures in Children
Seizures in Children A seizure occurs when the brain functions abnormally, resulting in a change in movement, attention, or level of awareness. Different types of seizures may occur...learn more >>
Wilderness: Seizure Abnormal electrical activity in the brain triggers seizure activity. A person may have a seizure disorder (epilepsy) and require medications. Other factors such...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Autism:

Autism - Diagnosis

How was your experience with autism diagnosed?

Autism - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your children autism?

Autism - Treatment

What treatment was effective for your autism?

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Pervasive Developmental Disorder: Autism »

Autism is a condition that manifests in early childhoodand is characterized by qualitative abnormalities in social interactions, marked aberrant communication skills, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped behaviors.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary