Avascular Necrosis (cont.)
Author and Editor
Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Medial Editor: Jerry Balentine, DO, FACEP
REFERENCES:Last Editorial Review: 1/21/2010 5:19:29 PM
Hamilton, Thomas W., et. al. "SAS Weekly Rounds: Avascular
Necrosis." Hospital for Special Surgery Journal 5 (2009): 99-113.
Matsuo, Keisuke and Tomio Hirohata, et al. "Influence of Alcohol
Intake, Cigarette Smoking, and Occupational Status on Idiopathic Osteonecrosis
of the Femoral Head." Current Orthopaedic Practice 234 September 1988:
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