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Avascular Necrosis (cont.)

Author and Editor

Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Medial Editor: Jerry Balentine, DO, FACEP


Hamilton, Thomas W., et. al. "SAS Weekly Rounds: Avascular Necrosis." Hospital for Special Surgery Journal 5 (2009): 99-113.

Matsuo, Keisuke and Tomio Hirohata, et al. "Influence of Alcohol Intake, Cigarette Smoking, and Occupational Status on Idiopathic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head." Current Orthopaedic Practice 234 September 1988: 115-123.

Last Editorial Review: 1/21/2010 5:19:29 PM

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