Bacterial Pneumonia Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bacterial Pneumonia article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute bronchitis: inflammation of the breathing tubes within the lungs (bronchial tubes or...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Alveoli: The plural of alveolus. The alveoli are tiny air sacs within the lungs where the ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Aspirate: To suck in. A patient may aspirate for example by accidentally drawing material ...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Atypical: Unusual, or not fitting a single diagnostic
category.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

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Blastomycosis: Infection with a fungus called Blastomyces dermatitidis. The infection caus...

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Bone marrow: The soft blood-forming tissue that fills the cavities of bones and contains f...

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Bone marrow transplant: A procedure in which bone marrow that is diseased or damaged is re...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchi: The plural of bronchus.

Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Catheter: A thin, flexible tube.

CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chlamydia: The agent of a sexually transmitted disease, a type of bacteria found in the ce...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cirrhosis: Liver disease characterized by irreversible scarring. Alcohol and viral hepatit...

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Congestion: An abnormal or excessive accumulation of a body fluid. The term is used broadl...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cough suppressant: A drug used to control coughing, particularly with a dry, nagging, unpr...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emphysema: 1) A lung condition featuring an abnormal accumulation of air in the lung's ma...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Histoplasmosis: A disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Most people with hi...

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodefi...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injure: To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emotional sense. Fr...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Legionella: The bacterium that causes Legionnaires' disease.

Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Marrow: The bone marrow.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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Mucus: A thick fluid that is produced by the lining of some organs of the body.

Mycoplasma: A large group of bacteria, with more than 100 types identified. Mycoplasma are...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Probe: (1) In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to e...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stethoscope: An instrument that is used to transmit low-volume sounds such as a heartbeat ...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Transplant: The grafting of a tissue from one place to another, just as in botany a bu...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium ...

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Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Walking pneumonia: A lay term used to refer to atypical pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infect...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conn...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary