Bacterial Pneumonia (cont.)
Bacterial Pneumonia Medical Treatment and Antibiotics
- Patients with bacterial pneumonia will need to take an antibiotic. The antibiotic choice depends on
the patient's age, any chronic medical conditions, tobacco and alcohol use, and other
medications the patient is taking. The patient should tell the doctor about any allergies or
to any medicines he or she taken previously, and bring a list of all current
medicines to the doctor's office or hospital.
- Drink plenty of nonalcoholic fluids to stay hydrated. This helps the body fight pneumonia. Anti-fever medicines such as acetaminophen
(Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) may
also help the patient feel better.
- Coughing helps clear infection in the lungs, so the doctor may recommend a cough suppressant.
- Avoid cigarette or other tobacco smoke while
recovering from pneumonia. Smoking
suppresses the body's ability to fight
infection and extends the healing process.
- The patient may be admitted to the hospital if he or she is severely short of breath or if
has significantly lowered oxygen levels in the bloodstream. During
hospitalization the patient will receive supplemental oxygen to assist
breathing. The patient also may receive antibiotics via an IV catheter through a
- In cases of severe pneumonia the patient may require a breathing tube in the windpipe so that a machine can
breathe for them. If the patient needs a breathing machine, he or she will be admitted to an intensive-care unit in the hospital.
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