Bad Breath (Halitosis) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bad Breath (Halitosis) article.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Belching: A normal process of releasing through the mouth air that accumulates in the stom...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Bronchitis: Inflammation and swelling of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic.

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Drip: Short for intravenous drip, a device for administering a fluid drop-by-drop into a v...

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Dry mouth: The condition of not having enough saliva to keep the mouth wet. This is due to...

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Exacerbate: To make worse. For example, smoking may exacerbate lung disease.

Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fluoride: A compound of fluorine with another element or radical. Fluoride containing com...

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Garlic: A perennial herb of the lily family cultivated for its pungent, edible bulbs. Garl...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. For example, the thy...

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Gum disease: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva) and abnormal loss of bone that surr...

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Halitosis: An unpleasant odor from the mouth, commonly referred to as bad breath. Halitosi...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lactose: The sugar found in milk. Lactose is a large sugar molecule that is made up of two...

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Lactose intolerance: The inability to digest lactose, a component of milk and some other d...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Periodontal: Having to do with the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.

Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx. Pharyngitis is a common cause of sore throat.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Salivary gland: A gland in the mouth that produces saliva. The salivary glands can become ...

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Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tobacco: A South American herb (Nicotiana tabacum) whose leaves contain 2 to 8 percent nic...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tonsillitis: Inflammation of one or both tonsils, typically as a result of infection by a ...

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Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

Xerostomia: Dry mouth. Xerostomia can be associated with systemic diseases, such as Sjogre...

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