Barium Enema Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Barium Enema article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Barium enema: An enema using a white, chalky solution containing barium, in preparation fo...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colonoscopy: A procedure whereby a physician inserts a viewing tube (colonoscope) into the...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Dextrose: Glucose, a simple sugar.

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Diverticula: The plural of diverticulum.

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

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Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Gastroenterologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

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Hypokalemia: Low blood potassium.

Inferior: In anatomy, below or toward the feet. As opposed to superior. The liver is infer...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Intussusception: Infolding (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immedia...

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Large bowel: Another name for the large intestine.

Large intestine: Comes after the small intestine. Large because it is wider than the smal...

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Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

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Liquid diet: The Liquid diet is the restriction of solid food intake, and replacement of s...

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Lumen: A luminous term referring to the channel within a tube such as a blood vessel or to...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum (The peritoneum is the tissue layer of cells l...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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