Barium Enema Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Barium Enema article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

See the entire definition of Abdomen

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal

Abdominal cavity: The cavity within the abdomen, the space between the abdominal wall and...

See the entire definition of Abdominal cavity

Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

See the entire definition of Abdominal pain

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Adenoma: A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue. If an adenoma become...

See the entire definition of Adenoma

Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix, usually associated with infection of the appen...

See the entire definition of Appendicitis

Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

See the entire definition of Barium

Barium enema: An enema using a white, chalky solution containing barium, in preparation fo...

See the entire definition of Barium enema

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

See the entire definition of Biopsy

Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

See the entire definition of Cancer

Cavities: Holes or structural damage in the two outer layers of a tooth called the enamel...

See the entire definition of Cavities

Celiac sprue: An immune disorder whereby the small intestine is injured when exposed to gl...

See the entire definition of Celiac sprue

Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

See the entire definition of Chronic back to top

Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

See the entire definition of Colitis

Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

See the entire definition of Colon

Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

See the entire definition of Colon cancer

Colonic: 1. See: Colonic (adjective). 2. See: Colonic (noun).

Colorectal: Related to the colon and/or rectum.

Colorectal cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (t...

See the entire definition of Colorectal cancer

Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

See the entire definition of Complication

Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

See the entire definition of Constipation

Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

See the entire definition of Contrast

Dextrose: Glucose, a simple sugar.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

See the entire definition of Diarrhea

Diverticula: The plural of diverticulum.

Diverticulitis: Inflammation of the diverticula (small outpouchings) along the wall of th...

See the entire definition of Diverticulitis

Embolization: A treatment that clogs small blood vessels and blocks the flow of blood, suc...

See the entire definition of Embolization back to top

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Endocrinology: The study of the medical aspects of hormones, including diseases and condit...

See the entire definition of Endocrinology

Enema: Liquid injected into the rectum. An enema may be used for therapeutic (such as to s...

See the entire definition of Enema

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Fistula: An abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface int...

See the entire definition of Fistula

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

See the entire definition of Gastrointestinal

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A condition in which the patient has symptoms of intestinal...

See the entire definition of Intestinal pseudo-obstruction

Intussusception: Infolding (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immedia...

See the entire definition of Intussusception

Laxative: Something that promotes emptying of the bowels. Laxatives are used to combat con...

See the entire definition of Laxative

Lower GI series: Short for lower gastrointestinal series. A series of x-rays of the rectum...

See the entire definition of Lower GI series

Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

See the entire definition of Mucous

Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

See the entire definition of Outpatient

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

back to top

Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum (The peritoneum is the tissue layer of cells l...

See the entire definition of Peritonitis

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Radiologic: Having to do with radiology.

Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

See the entire definition of Radiologist

Radiology: The medical specialty concerned with radiation for the diagnosis and treatment ...

See the entire definition of Radiology

Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

See the entire definition of Rectum

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

See the entire definition of Surgery

Toxicology: The study of the nature, effects, and detection of poisons (toxins) and the tr...

See the entire definition of Toxicology

Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

See the entire definition of Ulcerative colitis

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top







Medical Dictionary