Barium Enema (cont.)
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Barium Enema Procedure Use
A barium enema may be done to identify inflammation of the intestinal wall and to find problems within the structure of the large intestine such as diverticula (sacs) intussusception (part of the intestine slides or telescopes into another part of the bowel), strictures (narrowed areas of the bowel), polyps and cancerous lesions.
In some patients with intussusception the test may be therapeutic as pressure generated during a barium enema may reverse the intussusception.
Barium Enema Preparation
To obtain accurate X-ray images of the contours of the colon, fecal material must be cleared out of the colon. This is achieved by cleansing enema(s) and laxatives.
Usually, you will not be allowed to take food or fluid after midnight the night before your procedure. You may be given fluids by IV that contains dextrose (sugar) just prior to the test. Most doctors have a set procedure they ask patients to follow such as when you should start and stop a clear liquid diet and what timing you should use to begin laxatives and /or enema(s) for bowel cleansing. These instructions should be followed closely.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/30/2015
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