Barium Swallow Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Barium Swallow article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Anaphylaxis: Allergic reaction. In severe cases, this can include potentially deadly anap...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Aspiration: Removal of a sample of fluid and cells through a needle. Aspiration also re...

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Barium: 1. A metallic element belonging to the alkaline earths with an atomic numbe...

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Barium swallow: A test that involves filling the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines ...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Digestive system: The system of organs responsible for getting food into and out of the bo...

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Diverticula: The plural of diverticulum.

Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing. Dysphagia is due to abnormal nerve or muscle control. It...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Esophagram: A series of X-ray images of the esophagus. The X-ray pictures are taken after ...

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Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lie...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Gastroesophageal: Pertaining to both the stomach and the esophagus, as in the gastroesopha...

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Gastroesophageal reflux: The return of stomach contents back up into the esophagus This fr...

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GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hernia: A general term referring to a protrusion of a tissue through the wall of the cavit...

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Hiatal: Pertaining to an hiatus, an opening.

Hiatal hernia: An anatomical abnormality in which part of the stomach protrudes up through...

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Hospital gown: A short collarless gown that ties in the back, worn by patients being exami...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Medical school: A school with a curriculum leading to a medical degree. The mission of eve...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Peristalsis: The rippling motion of muscles in the digestive tract. In the stomach, this m...

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Pharynx: The hollow tube that is about 5 inches long and starts behind the nose and ends a...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Reflux: The term used when liquid backs up into the esophagus from the stomach.

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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Upper GI series: A series of x-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine (upper ...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conn...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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