Barotrauma/Decompression Sickness (cont.)
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Self-Care at Home
There is no special treatment for face mask and suit squeezes. They usually go away in a few days.
Aerogastralgia symptoms usually clear up on their own and do not require attention unless the abdominal discomfort continues to worsen and does not go away in a few hours.
Pain from ear or sinus squeezes can be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), or naproxen (Aleve). The patient should visit a doctor to exclude possible serious ear injuries.
Sinus squeezes usually require oral and nasal decongestants. Antibiotics are usually recommended for a squeeze involving the frontal sinuses. Pain medication may also be prescribed.
Ear squeezes also require decongestants, both oral and long-acting nasal types. Antibiotics may be given if the patient had a rupture, a previous infection, or the diving occurred in polluted waters. Pain medication also may be prescribed.
Doctors will recommend follow-up based on the diagnosis.
Make sure everything has healed and the patient has received clearance before diving again.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/5/2016
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