Barotrauma/Decompression Sickness Topic Guide
Scuba Diving: Barotrauma and Decompression Sickness: Barotrauma and decompression sickness refers to medical problems that occur during diving. These problems include decompression illness (the bends), external ear squeeze, middle ear squeeze, inner ear barotrauma, sinus squeeze, face mask squeeze, suit squeeze, lung squeeze, tooth squeeze, and gastric squeeze (aerogastralgia). Treatment is determined by the type of injury or medical problem.
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Scuba Diving: Starfish (Sea Star) and Crown of Thorns Puncture Wounds Starfish (sea star) and crown of thorns puncture wounds are bottom dwellers, so contact with scuba divers or snorkelers is usually by accident. Symptoms of a starfish or crown of thorns puncture wound include pain, bleeding, and inflammation at the injury site. Severe reactions include nausea, vomiting, weakness, numbness, tingling, joint aches, headaches, cough, and in rare cases paralysis. Treatment methods include cleaning the area, removing any spines if possible, antibiotic cream, and oral antibiotics if infection occurs.
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