Barotrauma/Decompression Sickness Topic Guide
Scuba Diving: Barotrauma and Decompression Sickness: Barotrauma and decompression sickness refers to medical problems that occur during diving. These problems include decompression illness (the bends), external ear squeeze, middle ear squeeze, inner ear barotrauma, sinus squeeze, face mask squeeze, suit squeeze, lung squeeze, tooth squeeze, and gastric squeeze (aerogastralgia). Treatment is determined by the type of injury or medical problem.
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Decompression Syndromes: The Bends The bends, or decompression sickness occur when nitrogen bubbles expand in the bloodstream and tissues when a scuba diver surfaces too fast. Treatment for the bends is done in a recompression chamber.