Bell's Palsy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Bell's Palsy article.

Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Antiviral agent: A medication or another agent that kills viruses or inhibits their capabi...

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Bell's palsy: Paralysis of the nerve that supplies the facial muscles on one side of the f...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Eyelid: The lid or cover of the eye, a movable fold of skin and muscle that can be closed ...

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Facial muscle: One of the 43 muscles in the human face. The facial muscles convey basic hu...

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Facial nerve: The facial nerve is the seventh cranial nerve. It is a mixed nerve that has...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Herpes: A family of viruses. Herpes also refers to infection with one of the human herpesv...

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Herpes zoster: Also called shingles, zona, and zoster. The culprit is the varicella-zoster...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Lyme disease: An inflammatory disease that is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Multiple sclerosis: A disease that is characterized by loss of myelin (demyelinization). A...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palsy: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary m...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. The reappearance ...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sclerosis: Localized hardening of skin. Sclerosis is generally caused by underlying diseas...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Taste: A perception that results from stimulation of a gustatory nerve. Taste belongs to t...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir.

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