Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acoustic: Having to do with sound or hearing. The acoustic nerve (the 8th cranial nerve) i...

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Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor that may develop on the hearing and balance nerves near t...

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Acyclovir: (Brand name: Zovirax) One of a group of antiviral drugs that acts against the...

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Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, he...

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Audiology: The study of hearing.

Benign: Not malignant. A benign tumor is one that does not invade surrounding tissue or sp...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Cerebellum: The portion of the brain that is in the back of the head, between the cerebrum...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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CVA: Cerebrovascular accident.

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Head injury: Damage to any of the structures of the head as a result of trauma. While the ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Inner ear: A highly complex structure whose essential component for hearing is the membran...

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Intractable: Unstoppable. For example, intractable diarrhea is diarrhea that can't be stop...

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Involuntary: Done other than in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The ...

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Labyrinth: The maze of canals in the inner ear. The delicate membranous canals of the laby...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Motion sickness: A disorder of the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense ...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neuritis: Inflammation of nerves. There are many causes of neuritis, including various vir...

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Neuroma: A benign tumor that arises from a nerve as, for example, an acoustic glioma or op...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nystagmus: Rapid, rhythmic, repetitious, and involuntary eye movements. Nystagmus can be h...

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Otolaryngologist: A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head ...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Recurrent: Appearing or occurring again. For example, a recurrent fever is a fever that ha...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Reproduction: The production of offspring. Reproduction need not be sexual; for example, y...

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Ringing in the ears: Medically called tinnitus, can be due to many causes including ear in...

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Scopolamine: A naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called a...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Symptomatic: 1 With symptoms, as a symptomatic infection. 2 Characteristic o...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears. Tinnitus has many causes, including some medications (inclu...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Vertigo: Aside from being the name of a classic 1958 Alfred Hitchcock film (with Jimmy St...

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Vestibular: 1) Having to do with a structure that is a vestibule (entrance), such as the...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Zovirax: Brand name of Acyclovir.

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