Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor, eMedicineHealth
Previous contributing authors and editors:
Author: Christopher RH Newton, MD, Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan.
Hernan Gomez, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology, University of Michigan.
Editors: Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Anthony Anker, MD, FAAEM, Attending Physician, Emergency Department, Mary Washington Hospital, Fredericksburg, VA.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.
Assem-Hilger, E., S. Jungwirth, S. Weissgram, W. Kirchmeyr, P. Fischer, and C. Barnas. "Benzodiazepine Use in the Elderly: An Indicator for Inappropriately Treated Geriatric Depression?"
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 24.6 June 2009: 563-569.
Blunk, M., and K. Williams. "Early Identification, Treatment and Interventions for the Prevention of Benzodiazepine Dependence With Anxiety Disorders."
Mental Health and Substance Use 4.4 (2011).
Rapeli, P., C. Fabritius, H. Kalska, and H. Alho. "Memory Function in Opioid-Dependent Patients Treated With Methadone or Buprenorphine Along With Benzodiazepine: Longitudinal Change in Comparison to Healthy Individuals."
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy 4 (2009): 6.
Simoni-Wastila, L., G. Ritter, and G. Strickler. "Gender and Other Factors Associated With the Nonmedical Use of Abusable Prescription Drugs.
Substance Use and Misuse 39.1 (2004): 1-23.
Uzun, S., O. Kozumplik, M. Jakovlievic, and B. Sedic. "Side Effects of Treatment With Benzodiazepines."
Psychiatric Danub 22.1 Mar. 2010: 90-93.