Font Size

Benzodiazepine Abuse (cont.)

Authors and Editors

Author: Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD

Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor, eMedicineHealth

Previous contributing authors and editors:

Author: Christopher RH Newton, MD, Staff Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan.

Coauthor(s): Hernan Gomez, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology, University of Michigan.

Editors: Scott H Plantz, MD, FAAEM, Research Director, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Anthony Anker, MD, FAAEM, Attending Physician, Emergency Department, Mary Washington Hospital, Fredericksburg, VA.


American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.

Assem-Hilger, E., S. Jungwirth, S. Weissgram, W. Kirchmeyr, P. Fischer, and C. Barnas. "Benzodiazepine Use in the Elderly: An Indicator for Inappropriately Treated Geriatric Depression?" Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 24.6 June 2009: 563-569.

Blunk, M., and K. Williams. "Early Identification, Treatment and Interventions for the Prevention of Benzodiazepine Dependence With Anxiety Disorders." Mental Health and Substance Use 4.4 (2011).

Rapeli, P., C. Fabritius, H. Kalska, and H. Alho. "Memory Function in Opioid-Dependent Patients Treated With Methadone or Buprenorphine Along With Benzodiazepine: Longitudinal Change in Comparison to Healthy Individuals." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy 4 (2009): 6.

Simoni-Wastila, L., G. Ritter, and G. Strickler. "Gender and Other Factors Associated With the Nonmedical Use of Abusable Prescription Drugs. Substance Use and Misuse 39.1 (2004): 1-23.

Uzun, S., O. Kozumplik, M. Jakovlievic, and B. Sedic. "Side Effects of Treatment With Benzodiazepines." Psychiatric Danub 22.1 Mar. 2010: 90-93.

Last Editorial Review: 4/13/2012

Must Read Articles Related to Benzodiazepine Abuse

Narcotic Abuse
Narcotic Abuse In 2007, the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services reported that 21% of people over 12 years of age used prescription painkillers nonmedically. Narcot...learn more >>
Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse People abuse substances such as drugs, alcohol, and tobacco for varied and complicated reasons, but it is clear that our society pays a significant cost. Sympto...learn more >>

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Toxicity, Bezndiazepine »

Since initial development in the 1950s, benzodiazepine has become popular in the treatment of various medical disorders and as a drug of abuse.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary