Benzodiazepine Abuse Topic Guide
Benzodiazepine Abuse: Benzodiazepines are a type of medication known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax. They are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the United States. Symptoms and signs of benzodiazepine abuse include drowsiness, weakness, coma, and slurred speech. Treatment may involve gastric lavage, taking activated charcoal, or rehab.
Narcotic Abuse In 2007, the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services reported that 21% of people over 12 years of age used prescription painkillers nonmedically. Narcotic abuse is when people use narcotics for reasons apart from the narcotic's pain-relief purpose. Signs and symptoms of narcotic abuse include euphoria, shallow breathing, small pupils, nausea, vomiting, slurred speech, confusion, and needle marks on the skin. Treatment involves addressing the long-term psychological dependence associated with narcotic abuse and administering medications such as buprenorphine, clonidine, and naltrexone to alleviate withdrawal symptoms.