Biological Warfare (cont.)
Media file 1: Bioterrorist agents. Signs and symptoms to watch for. Chart courtesy of North Carolina Statewide Program for Infection Control and Epidemiology (SPICE)
, copyright University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Media type: Chart
Synonyms and Keywords
anthrax, Bacillus anthracis, inhalation anthrax, cutaneous anthrax, skin anthrax, plague, Yersinia pestis, bubonic plague, septicemic plague, pneumonic plague, cholera, Vibrio cholerae, tularemia, Francisella tularensis, brucellosis, Brucella, Q fever, Coxiella burnetii, smallpox, variola major, variola minor, viral encephalitides, viral hemorrhagic fevers, staphylococcal enterotoxin B, SEB, ricin, botulinum toxin, trichothecene mycotoxins, yellow rain, mycotoxins, biological warfare, biological warfare agents, VEE, WEE, EEE, encephalitis, weaponization, bioterrorism, Hantavirus, Ebola, Ebola virus
Authors and Editors
Author: Edmond Hooker, MD, DrPH, Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Cincinnati.
Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Previous contributing author and editors:
Author: Daniel J Dire, MD, FACEP, FAAP, FAAEM, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas-Houston.
Editors: Ruben Olmedo, MD, Chief, Division of Toxicology, Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center; Francisco Talavera, PharmD, PhD, Senior Pharmacy Editor, eMedicine; Anthony Anker, MD, FAAEM, Attending Physician, Emergency Department, Mary Washington Hospital, Fredericksburg, VA.
REFERENCES:Last Editorial Review: 9/6/2012
Dennis DT, Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, et al. (2001) Tularemia as a biological weapon: Medical and Public Health Management. JAMA. 285(21):2763-2773.
Earls JP, Cerva D, Berman E, et al. (2002) Inhalational Anthrax after Bioterrorism Exposure: Spectrum of Imaging Findings in Two Surviving Patients. Radiology, 222, 305-312. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2222011830.
Fowler RA, Shafazand S (2011) Anthrax Bioterrorism: Prevention, Diagnosis and Management Strategies. J Bioterr Biodef 2:107. doi:10.4172/2157- 2526.1000107.
Inglesby TV, Dennis DT, Henderson DA, et al. (2000). Plague as a Biological Weapon: Medical and Public Health Management. JAMA. 283(17): 2281-2290.
Jon-Erik C. Holty, MD, MS; Dena M. Bravata, et al. (2006). "Systematic review: a century of inhalational anthrax cases from 1900 to 2005". Ann Intern Med 144 (4): 270–80.
Nelson EJ, Nelson DS, Salem, MA, Sack DA (2011). Antibiotics for Both Moderate and Severe Cholera. NEJM. 364:5-7.
Wright JG, Quinn CP, Shadomy S, Messonnier N. (2010). MMWR. 59(rr06);1-30.
Must Read Articles Related to Biological Warfare
Anthrax is described in the early literature of the Greeks, Romans, and Hindus. The fifth plague, described in the book of Genesis, may be among the earliest de...learn more >>
Personal Protective Equipment
Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to the respiratory equipment, garments, and barrier materials used to protect rescuers and medical personnel from exp...learn more >>
Plague is a term applied to an infectious disease that spreads easily and, without antibiotics treatment, can be fatal. Plague symptoms and signs include fever,...learn more >>