Biological Warfare Topic Guide
Biological Warfare: Biological weapons include any organism (such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi) or toxin found in nature that can be used to kill or injure people. Types of biological agents include anthrax, plague, cholera, tularemia, brucellosis, Q fever, smallpox, monkeypox, arboviral encephalitides, viral hemorrhagic fevers (like Marburg and Ebola virus), staphylococcoal enterotoxin B, ricin, botulinum toxin, mycotoxins, glanders, typhus, and anti-crop biological agents.
Ebola (Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever or Ebola Virus Disease) Ebola virus disease, also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a highly contagious disease with a 90% mortality rate. Symptoms and signs include fever, weakness, and loss of appetite followed by vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. Bleeding is a late sign. Treatment for Ebola virus disease is limited to supportive care, though two experimental drugs, ZMapp and TKM-Ebola, look promising.